Traffic Challan: What is Traffic Challan | RenewBuy

Traffic Challan: What is Traffic Challan

What is Traffic Challan

Varied kind of traffic rules are meant to make a proper discipline on roads. If any of you breaks these rules, the traffic police penalize you for violating the traffic rules. The police will cut a challan to fine you for ignoring traffic rules. What is traffic challan? Here is detailed information that every commuter or driver should know for convenience:

This is very common that people often ignore the traffic rules and stopped by the traffic police. The reason could be anything as there are a number of traffic rules meant to maintain the law and order on the roads. These rules aims at ensuring everybody’s safety on the road with reducing the number of accidents. However, many a time people overlook these rules and run their vehicles recklessly and causing accidents or other damage. This comes under a serious traffic offence as driving dangerously on the road can cause death or serious injury to passerby or damage to other vehicle or passengers. Therefore, to ensure the safety on roads, a number of laws (central Motor Vehicle Rules, Motor Vehicle Act and State Motor Vehicle Rules) are enforced under which the traffic police can issue a traffic challan or traffic ticket to any lawbreaker. There are many reasons for which traffic police can stop you on the road and can fine you a challan for breaking the traffic rules. What is traffic challan? When police can issue a traffic challan? What exactly you need to know about traffic challan? Read below;

Traffic Fines

The Rules of the Road Regulation came into effect in 1989 in India to avoid fetal accidents and make roads more safe for everybody. These rules are meant to all Indian drivers (two, three, four or more wheelers drivers) to drive their vehicles safely on the roads. These rules also help the traffic police to maintaining a systematic traffic. If someone disrespects or breaks any of these rules, it is considered a serious offence and traffic police acts or cut a challan according to the Indian Motor Vehicle Act or the city specific traffic rules. An effective implementation of these traffic rules reduces the number of road accidents as nobody wants to pay the penalty and face legal hassle. Traffic police can issue a challan for over speeding, wrong parking, jumping a red light, driving without helmet, driving vehicle without a number plate, a license and registration, a valid vehicle insurance and a pollution certificate. All these factors are offences under Motor Vehicles Act. A list of a few traffic crimes and associated fines are listed below;

Offence Under Section

Penalty in Rupees

Rash Driving    (Section 184)


Road Rules Violation (Under Section 177A)


Disobeying orders from the authorities (Under Section179)


Over speeding (Under Section 183)

1000 (Light Weight), 2000 (Medium Passenger Vehicle)

Driving Without License (Under Section 181)



Driving an unauthorized vehicle (Under Section 180)


Driving Despite Disqualification (Under Section 182)


Driving under the influence of an intoxicating substance (Under section 185)


Illegal racing (Under Section 189)


Vehicle Without Permit (Under Section 192 A)

Up to 10,000

Not Wearing Seat Belt (Under Section 194 B)



Not Giving Way to Emergency Vehicles         (Under Section 194 E)


Riding a two-wheeler without helmet (Under Section 194 D)

1000 plus License Disqualified for 3 months




Apart from these conditions, driving a vehicle without an insurance document on the Indian roads is also a crime. According to the Road Transport and Safety Bill 2014, you will be fined heavily (between Rs. 25,000 -Rs. 75,000) if you are driving your vehicle without having a valid insurance plan. The traffic police can also issue challan in case of overloading, and violation of many other traffic rules made to make roads safe for public.

Know Your Road Rights Too

Traffic rules are implemented with the driver’s or commuter’s rights. You need not to worry when you stopped by the traffic police. Here are various factors related to traffic challan;

  1. Traffic police should have a challan book or e-challan machine in order to issue a challan. No one can penalize you without having these things.
  2. According to the Motor Vehicle Act Section 130, “the driver of a motor vehicle in any public place shall on demand by any police officer in uniform ‘produce’ his license for examination.” As the statement says very clearly you only need to “produce” not hand over the license to the traffic police.
  3. If you don’t have license, traffic police may detain your vehicle.
  4. Traffic police may also detain your vehicle if it is not registered.
  5. You can settle the challan on the spot by paying the fine to an officer rank (sub-inspector or above) traffic cop.
  6. Traffic police cannot take away your driving license without giving you a valid receipt.
  7. Traffic police can tow only empty vehicles. As long as you are sitting in your vehicle, police cannot toe it.
  8. If traffic police have detained you for any offence then you must be produced before the magistrate within 24 hours, for the trial.
  9. Traffic police cannot harass you. If it does, you can file a complaint with the police with right proofs and related particulars of the entire incident.
  10. Ensure that a traffic police challan slip must contains;
  • The details of the offence committed
  • Vehicle details
  • Challaning officer details
  • Date of trial
  • Name and address of the offender
  • Retained documents details
  • Name and address of the court where the offence will be trialed

Do Not Bribe Traffic Police

Do not try to bribe traffic police to get away from the traffic police challan. Bribing traffic police in itself is an atrocious crime and it should not be committed by any one of us. However, to eliminate this crime, the Indian government has introduced the e-challan system which allows online payment for traffic challan. In this manner, you need not to waste your time to go local challan office or judiciary for payment.

What is traffic challan? Now you have the answer. So, come together to spread awareness to make Indian roads accident-free.

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