Life Insurance

21 Terms Related to Life Insurance- You Should Know

Life Insurance Policy: An Introduction Everyone these days is talking about life insurance as a necessity. But what is a life insurance plan, and what does a life insurance company do?  Life…

Life Insurance Policy: An Introduction

Everyone these days is talking about life insurance as a necessity. But what is a life insurance plan, and what does a life insurance company do? 

Life insurance is a contract between an insurance policyholder and a life insurance company in which the insurer agrees to pay an amount of money in exchange for a sum assured upon the demise of an insured person or after a specific amount of time.

A life insurance plan serves as a safety net, ensuring that your family has access to the needs of life while you are away.  But, there are specific terminologies we need to understand when buying life insurance plans. We are going to discuss those life insurance terms in detail.

Types of Life Insurance Policies

Life insurance companies offer different types of life insurance plans that one can consider buying based on their individual needs. Basic types of life insurance plans that fall under the category of life insurance are

* Read more to learn about the type of life insurance policies.  

Basic Life Insurance Terms You Should Know

If you are a beginner looking to buy a life insurance plan, you must have come across many terms related to life insurance that you are unaware of and need clarification. Let's start here and become familiar with the fundamental terms used in life insurance.

  • Policyholder: The proposer and payer of the premium for the life insurance policy is known as the policyholder. The policyholder, who may or may not be the life assured, is the legal owner of the contract.
  • Sum Assured: A sum assured is the amount of money the insurance company pays to the policyholder based on the amount you specified when you bought the policy.
  • Life Assured: "life Assured" refers to the insured or covered individual. The nominee will receive the insurance sum in the misfortuned event, such as the death of the life assured.
  • Nominee: A person who receives the benefit in case of death of the insured person is a nominee. When purchasing a life insurance policy, the insured individual selects or names a nominee. Typically, the nominee is the spouse, kids, or parents. The insured party may designate one or more individuals as nominees.
  • Premium: The premium is what you pay each month to keep your life insurance policy active and get coverage without the payment of the premium. Your life insurance policy will lapse, and you won’t get its benefits.
  • Policy Tenure: The length of time the policy offers life insurance coverage is known as the "policy tenure." Depending on the type of life insurance plan and its terms and conditions, the policy tenure can be any duration from 1 year to 100 years or full life.
  • Maturity Age: A maturation benefit is a lump sum payment from the life insurance company when your insurance policy matures. In essence, this implies that if your insurance policy has a 15-year term, you, the insured, will get a payout at the end of that period.
  • Riders: Riders are add-ons that extend the coverage of the leading life insurance policy. Riders are purchased at the same time when you buy the insurance policy.
  • Death Benefit: The 'Death Benefit' is the amount paid to the nominee by the life insurance company if the policyholder dies within the policy's term. If you're wondering if the sum guaranteed and the death benefit are the same, don't be because the death benefit can be more than the sum guaranteed and may contain rider and additional benefits.
  • Grace Period: The grace period is the extension granted by the insurance provider to the policyholder after the premium payment due date. If the policyholder pays the overdue premium amount, the policy's protective cover continues.
  • Lapsed Policy: Non-payment of premiums will result in the cancellation of insurance. The policy lapses when the due premium is not paid even after the grace period, some life insurance companies may renew a lapsed policy if the policyholder pays the due premiums.

* Explore the list of best 1 Crore Term Insurance plans online. 

  • Free-Look Period: If you do not agree with or are uncomfortable with the terms and conditions of the life insurance that you have purchased, you may forfiet it within the time frame specified in the policy document. This is referred to as the free-look time.
  • Revival Period: If you do not pay your premiums within the grace period, your insurance will be cancelled. However, if you want to keep the insurance, you have the option of reactivating your expired coverage. but, when the grace period expires, the re-activation procedure must be performed within a particular time frame. This is referred to as a revival period.
  • Insurance Claim: If the policyholder dies during the policy term, the nominee files a claim to collect the death benefit. This is referred to as the insurance claim.
  • Surrender Value: If your policy term hasn't expired and you still want to cancel it, you surrender it. Your life insurance company will pay you a sum based on the conditions of your policy. It is best to confirm this while buying the insurance plan.
  • Standard Risk: A individual applying for a life insurance policy who meets the physical, occupational, and other criteria on which regular premium rates are based.
  • Underwriter: The person who evaluates an insurance application and determines if the applicant is accepted and at what premium amount is known as underwriter.
  • Underwriting: The procedure through which a life insurance company assesses whether or not to accept a life insurance application, and if so, on what grounds, in order to charge the right premium.
  • Tax Benefits: Section 10 (10D) of the Income Tax Act of 1961 provides that benefits given to the policyholder/nominee are tax-free.
  • Customer Value: The perception of the customer about the worth of a life insurance product or service. Meaning, what benefits does the product offer to the target customers (policyholders), or why do the customers come to a particular insurance company in return for the money they offer? Ex. you might prefer an insurance company for low prices, excellent quality products, customer experience, etc. 
  • Risk Coverage: The extent of protection or financial compensation that an insurance company offers to the policyholder in case of damages caused under the covered loss, specific risks, or unforeseen events. 

*Read more: Top 10 life insurance companies in India


Now that you are familiar with the important terms under life insurance, you can easily buy life insurance. The best way to buy life insurance is by going online. Buying life insurance online is simple, hassle-free, and a quick process. Also, you get lucrative offers from different insurance companies that will give you a comparison so that you get the best life insurance plan. Or you can get expert assistance from RenewBuy POSP advisor and buy a perfect policy that complements your financial goals.

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Question: What are the common terms you should know before buying life insurance?
Answer: Before buying a life insurance, it is essential that you have good knowledge about the terms beneficiary, riders, premium, sum assured, cash value, and grace period benefits. 

Question: What is a 20 life policy?
Answer: The 20 life insurance policy is a kind of term plan that is bought for 20 years. If the life assured dies within 20 years, then the life insurance company pays the death benefit, and if the life assured outlives the 20 years, no maturity benefit or coverage is paid.

Question: What are the three most important insurance one should purchase?
Answer: Experts suggest that insurance is one of the essential needs of an individual life to secure their future financially. Experts suggest buying life, health, long-term disability, and motor insurance. 

Question: What questions should I ask before buying a life insurance?
Answer: Before buying life insurance from a life insurance company, the seeker should know what coverage is best for them, how much premium they can afford, what tenure they should pick, what benefits the policy covers, how they can extend the benefits, and any additional queries related to the nominee. 

Question: What are the four pillars of insurance?
Answer: The following are the four pillars of insurance

  • Disciplined Underwriting
  • Expense Control
  • Risk Management
  • Product Distribution
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